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DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN THE EASY WAY.

There are two ways to say the same thing both in the affirmative and negative, but there are rules on how and where to place the Direct Objects. LO, LOS, LA, LAS, ME, TE, NOS. I will explain them in an easy way with some examples and color coded.

  1. VAS A COMPRAR la crema bronceadora? (are you going to buy the sun screen protection?)

Sí, LA voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy it)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLA. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LA voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLA. (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS a COMPRAR el chocolate? (are you going to buy the chocolate?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLO. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LO voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLO (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR las cremas bronceadoras? (are you going to buy the sun screens protection?)

Sí, LAS voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy them)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLAS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LAS voy A COMPRAR. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy A COMPRARLAS. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR los chocolates? (did you buy the chocolates?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLOS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LOS voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy a COMPRARLOS (no, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. Me VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call ME tomorrow?)

            Sí, TE voy a llamar (yes, I’m going to call you)

            Sí, voy a LLAMARTE (yes, I’m going to call you)

            No, no TE voy a llamar (No, I’m not going to call you.)

No, no voy a LLAMARTE. (No, I’m not going to call you.)

 

  1. NOS VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call US tomorrow?)

            Sí,  LAS voy a llamar mañana. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

Sí, voy a LLAMARLAS. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

            No, no LAS voy a llamar. (NO,  I’m not going to call  you (plural female)

No, no voy a LLAMARLAS . (NO, I’m not going to call you (plural female)

 

Notice that the Direct Object LO, LA, LAS, LOS, ME, TE, NOS,  is always placed before the verbs as different words ( tevoy allamar) or  attach to the infinitive (VOY A LLAMARTE) (infinitive verbs ends in AR-ER-IR). In the example the verbs are COMPRAR and LLAMAR

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Tú? Tu? Te? Ti? Learn the difference.

tú (with accent mark)

This is a subject pronoun and refers to the subject of the sentence. It corresponds to the English “you” (second person, singular fam). In most cases, the subject pronoun is optional in Spanish and usually not used.

() eres muy inteligente – You are very intelligent.

tu (without accent mark)

This is a possessive adjective and is used to demonstrate possession, ownership or relationship of a noun. It corresponds to the English possessive adjective, “your.”

te

This is an indirect object pronoun (in the case of your example above, but also shares the same form as direct object pronoun) and is used to name the object of a sentence. In this case:

Te gusta jugar baloncesto – Basketball is pleasing to you (you like basketball).

ti

This is what is called a disjunctional or prepositional pronoun. That is to say that it is the pronominal form that you will find following a preposition. In your example above, “a ti” is a restatement of the indirect object pronoun, and it is added in order give emphasis or clarity to the statement.

Difference-between-te-tu-ti-

 

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1. Spanish Slang

Ni corto ni perezoso: Without thinking about it,  bold as brass, wasting no time.

El encontró un billete en el camino a casa y ni corto ni perezoso lo tomó.

Ejemplo: He found a bill on his way home and took it (right away without thinking) Continue reading 1. Spanish Slang

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Expresiones Comunes Para Responder. Common Expressions When Responding.

Espero que sí .    I hope so.

Espero que no.    I hope not

Caramba!    Gosh!

Por Dios! Por el amor de Dios!    My gosh/ God!

Caray!   Geeze!

Yo también.     So do I. Also do I.

Yo tampoco.    Neither do I. I don’t either

El mío también / La mía también .    Mine too

El mío tampoco / La mía tampoco.     Mine either Continue reading Expresiones Comunes Para Responder. Common Expressions When Responding.

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Random Pick of the Book “Lecciones de Vida y Palabras Sabias.”

Now available to download as a PDF from the bookstore.

 

Check it out.  A great way to practice Spanish and to reflect at the same. Available at BarnesandNoble.com , at Amazon.com and other retail bookstores.

Becoming Bilingual
Read, Learn and practice Spanish

Random pick of the book

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2. Spanish Popular Slang

Cada loco con su tema:  (every crazy person has a subject) “It’s his / her hobbyhorse.

Ejemplo: déjalo que hable.  (Let him talk.)

 

Me cae gordo: (To fall fat on me)He/she is a pain.

Ejemplo: Ese político me cae gordo. (That politician is a pain.) Continue reading 2. Spanish Popular Slang

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Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple

When learning conjugations it’s easy to fall in the trap of thinking too much and complicating the answer. Until you master conjugations, keep it simple. Remember, usually the question tells you the conjugation and the pronoun. Do not change it. You will make a great progress if you just remember that when the question is addressed to “YOU“; then you answer in the “I” form.  Example: Do you study Spanish? Yes,  I do.  Same for the plural. Do “YOU ALL” study Spanish? Yes WE do. Other than that, you should keep the same conjugation and pronoun as you would in English. Also, we are going to write pronouns until conjugations become a second nature to you. Let’s see how this work in Spanish.

Infinitivo:  Hablar = to speak

Practice: hablar / español =  speak / Spanish.

Conjugación: 

Yo hablo = I speak

hablas – you speak (informal you) Continue reading Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple