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DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN THE EASY WAY.

There are two ways to say the same thing both in the affirmative and negative, but there are rules on how and where to place the Direct Objects. LO, LOS, LA, LAS, ME, TE, NOS. I will explain them in an easy way with some examples and color coded.

  1. VAS A COMPRAR la crema bronceadora? (are you going to buy the sun screen protection?)

Sí, LA voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy it)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLA. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LA voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLA. (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS a COMPRAR el chocolate? (are you going to buy the chocolate?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLO. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LO voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLO (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR las cremas bronceadoras? (are you going to buy the sun screens protection?)

Sí, LAS voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy them)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLAS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LAS voy A COMPRAR. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy A COMPRARLAS. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR los chocolates? (did you buy the chocolates?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLOS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LOS voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy a COMPRARLOS (no, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. Me VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call ME tomorrow?)

            Sí, TE voy a llamar (yes, I’m going to call you)

            Sí, voy a LLAMARTE (yes, I’m going to call you)

            No, no TE voy a llamar (No, I’m not going to call you.)

No, no voy a LLAMARTE. (No, I’m not going to call you.)

 

  1. NOS VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call US tomorrow?)

            Sí,  LAS voy a llamar mañana. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

Sí, voy a LLAMARLAS. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

            No, no LAS voy a llamar. (NO,  I’m not going to call  you (plural female)

No, no voy a LLAMARLAS . (NO, I’m not going to call you (plural female)

 

Notice that the Direct Object LO, LA, LAS, LOS, ME, TE, NOS,  is always placed before the verbs as different words ( tevoy allamar) or  attach to the infinitive (VOY A LLAMARTE) (infinitive verbs ends in AR-ER-IR). In the example the verbs are COMPRAR and LLAMAR

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Tú? Tu? Te? Ti? Learn the difference.

tú (with accent mark)

This is a subject pronoun and refers to the subject of the sentence. It corresponds to the English “you” (second person, singular fam). In most cases, the subject pronoun is optional in Spanish and usually not used.

() eres muy inteligente – You are very intelligent.

tu (without accent mark)

This is a possessive adjective and is used to demonstrate possession, ownership or relationship of a noun. It corresponds to the English possessive adjective, “your.”

te

This is an indirect object pronoun (in the case of your example above, but also shares the same form as direct object pronoun) and is used to name the object of a sentence. In this case:

Te gusta jugar baloncesto – Basketball is pleasing to you (you like basketball).

ti

This is what is called a disjunctional or prepositional pronoun. That is to say that it is the pronominal form that you will find following a preposition. In your example above, “a ti” is a restatement of the indirect object pronoun, and it is added in order give emphasis or clarity to the statement.

Difference-between-te-tu-ti-

 

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