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When learning conjugations it’s easy to fall in the trap of thinking too much and complicating the answer. Until you master conjugations, keep it simple. Remember, usually the question tells you the conjugation and the pronoun. Do not change it. You will make a great progress if you just remember that when the question is addressed to “YOU“; then you answer in the “I” form. Example: Do you study Spanish? Yes, I do. Same for the plural. Do “YOU ALL” study Spanish? Yes WE do. Other than that, you should keep the same conjugation and pronoun as you would in English. Also, we are going to write pronouns until conjugations become a second nature to you. Let’s see how this work in Spanish.
Infinitivo: Hablar = to speak
Practice: hablar / español = speak / Spanish.
Yo hablo = I speak
tú hablas – you speak (informal you) Continue reading Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple
Learning Spanish the real way. This is a very practical vocabulary so next time you go to a Hispanic restaurant, try it!
Anfitrión (a) = host / hostess
Cliente (m.f) = customer
Cocinero (a) = cook
Gerente (m.f.) = manager
Mesero (a) = waiter (1)
Camarero (a) = waiter (1)
(1) the word is rarely use. Most people call them by their name.
Botellla = bottle
Cubiertos (m) = silverware
Cuchara = spoon
Cuchillo (m) = knife
Mantel (m) = tablecloth
Mesa = table
Menú (m) = menu
Palillo (m) = toothpick
Plato (m) = plate
Servilleta = napkin
Silla = chair
Tenedor (m) = fork
Vaso (m) = glass
Vela = candle
Barato = cheap
Bebidas = beverages / drinks
Bufé (m) = buffet
Caro = Expensive
Entremés (m) = appetizer
Especialidad = specialty
Plato (m) = dish
Plato fuerte (m) = main dish
Poner la mesa = to set the table
Quitar la mesa = to clear the table
Reclamación = complaint
Servicio (m) = service
Desean algo para tomar? = Do you want something to drink?
Puedo traerles unos entremeses? = May I bring you some appetizer?
Cuál es la especialidad de la casa? = What’s the specialty of the house?
Tarjeta de crédito o débito = Credit or debit card
La cuenta, por favor. = The check, please.
Cobrar más de la cuenta = to overcharge
Comida de segundo plato = second fidle / cast-off
Cuánto dejamos de propina? = How much do we tip?
To be polite, we use expression such as: gustaría, desearía, apetece
Le gustaría + infinitive or a noun. (would you like…) Example:
Le gustaría un vino? Le gustaría acompañar… con un vino?
(would you like some wine? would you like to accompany… with some wine?
Sí, me gustaría… = I would like
Sí, por favor. = Yes, please
Sí, un vino rojo. = Yes, red wine.
Sí, qué clase de vino tiene? Yes, what’s available?
Sí, tiene vino blanco? = Yes, do you have white wine?
Sí, Tiene Chardonnay? = Do you have Chardonnay?
No. Gracias. = No, thank you.
Desearía + infinite or a noun: (Do you want …) Example:
Desearía un vino? Desearía acompañar … con un vino?
Sí, desearía… = yes, I want…
Do you want some wine? Do you want to accompany … with some wine?
Le apetece un vino? Do you feel like a wine?
Sí, me apetece… = yes, I feel like…
Apetecer is mostly used to express what we feel like eating. However, it’s not wrong to say would you like or do you want.
Other ways to order:
Yo prefiero = I prefer
Yo quiero = I want
yo deseo = I want / I desire
traigame = bring me
Y nunca olvide decir “por favor y gracias.”
(don’t forget to say please and thank you)
Recuerda, “lo cortés no quita lo valiente.”
(It’s an expression that translates “You don’t lose anything by being polite/ it doesn’t hurt to be polite.”)
The fact that we pronounce the same way as we write, makes the Spanish pronunciation easy and “rolling the r” fun stuff. Just do it like in ♪ “row row row your boat” ♫, that’s it! No worries, it’s not a big deal. It’s OK and it will come naturally with time. Same if you don’t say “yo” but “io” that’s OK as well. Remember, accent changes from town to town, city to city, country to country. The good news is, we will understand you and we are in this class to talk naturally. No perfection on earth is required. With that said, let’s listen and repeat how we pronounce. Relax, follow phonetics, and observe how we divide syllabus. Repeat and do it the best you can. You can also print the PDF
A – B – C – CH – D – E – F – G – H – I – J – K – L – LL – M – N – Ñ – O – P – Q – R – S – T – U – V – W – X – Y – Z.
A – E – I – O – U
BA – BE – BI – BO – BU
CHA – CHE – CHI – CHO – CHU
DA – DE – DI – DO – DU
FA – FE – FI – FO – FU
HA – HE – HI – HO – HU
LA – LE – LI – LO – LU
LLA – LLE – LLI – LLO – LLU
MA – ME – MI – MO – MU
NA – NE – NI – NO – NU
ÑA – ÑE – ÑI – ÑO – ÑU
PA – PE – PI – PO – PU
RA – RE – RI – RO – RU
SA – SE – SI – SO – SU
TA – TE – TI – TO – TU
VA – VE – VI – VO – VU –
WA – WE – WI – WO – WU
XA – XE – XI – XO – XU
YA – YE – YI – YO – YU
ZA – ZE – ZI – ZO – ZU
These Spanish syllables don’t follow the rule. Listen to the sound.
CA – KA QUE – KE QUI – KI CO – KO CU
JA JE – GE JI – GI JO JU
GA GUE GUI GO GU
Cha, cha, cha.