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DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN THE EASY WAY.

There are two ways to say the same thing both in the affirmative and negative, but there are rules on how and where to place the Direct Objects. LO, LOS, LA, LAS, ME, TE, NOS. I will explain them in an easy way with some examples and color coded.

  1. VAS A COMPRAR la crema bronceadora? (are you going to buy the sun screen protection?)

Sí, LA voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy it)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLA. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LA voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLA. (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS a COMPRAR el chocolate? (are you going to buy the chocolate?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLO. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LO voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLO (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR las cremas bronceadoras? (are you going to buy the sun screens protection?)

Sí, LAS voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy them)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLAS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LAS voy A COMPRAR. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy A COMPRARLAS. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR los chocolates? (did you buy the chocolates?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLOS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LOS voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy a COMPRARLOS (no, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. Me VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call ME tomorrow?)

            Sí, TE voy a llamar (yes, I’m going to call you)

            Sí, voy a LLAMARTE (yes, I’m going to call you)

            No, no TE voy a llamar (No, I’m not going to call you.)

No, no voy a LLAMARTE. (No, I’m not going to call you.)

 

  1. NOS VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call US tomorrow?)

            Sí,  LAS voy a llamar mañana. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

Sí, voy a LLAMARLAS. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

            No, no LAS voy a llamar. (NO,  I’m not going to call  you (plural female)

No, no voy a LLAMARLAS . (NO, I’m not going to call you (plural female)

 

Notice that the Direct Object LO, LA, LAS, LOS, ME, TE, NOS,  is always placed before the verbs as different words ( tevoy allamar) or  attach to the infinitive (VOY A LLAMARTE) (infinitive verbs ends in AR-ER-IR). In the example the verbs are COMPRAR and LLAMAR

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Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple

When learning conjugations it’s easy to fall in the trap of thinking too much and complicating the answer. Until you master conjugations, keep it simple. Remember, usually the question tells you the conjugation and the pronoun. Do not change it. You will make a great progress if you just remember that when the question is addressed to “YOU“; then you answer in the “I” form.  Example: Do you study Spanish? Yes,  I do.  Same for the plural. Do “YOU ALL” study Spanish? Yes WE do. Other than that, you should keep the same conjugation and pronoun as you would in English. Also, we are going to write pronouns until conjugations become a second nature to you. Let’s see how this work in Spanish.

Infinitivo:  Hablar = to speak

Practice: hablar / español =  speak / Spanish.

Conjugación: 

Yo hablo = I speak

hablas – you speak (informal you) Continue reading Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple

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Nunca se sabe demasiado / You can never know too much

I will post in this category common Idioms and sayings in Spanish. Keep an eye and don’t forget to send me the ones that you would like to know.

En esta categoría escribiré citas y dichos comunes en español. Echale un vistazo y no olvides mandarme las que te gustaría saber.

 

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Pensamientos de Vida / Life Thoughts

“Cuando comprometemos nuestros principios morales, dejamos de ser un ser humano con libertad de pensar y actuar para convertirnos en la marioneta de alguien.”

Diana Reese

“When we compromise our moral principles, we stop being a human being with the freedom to think and act to become someone’s puppet.”

                                               Diana Reese

 

 

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El Verbo “Gustar”

Recuerda:

You must use any of the following: ME – TE – LE – NOS – LES 

AME gusta cantAR

AME gusta la clase

AME gustaN laS claseS

AME gustaN loS libroS

Práctica:

I. Complete the sentence with the correct use of Gustar:

Ejemplo: A Petra y a Rosa  ____   ________________   las flores

A Petra y a Rosa  les  gustan   las flores

  1. A María ______    _____________  los niños (children)
  2. A tí ______    _____________   el mall
  3. A los perros ______    _____________  jugar (to play)
  4. A nosotros ______    _____________   español
  5. A ellos ______    _____________  las papas fritas

II. Complete with the correct form (a mi, a tí a él, a ella, a Ud, a nosotros a ellos, a ellas, a Uds.) to clarify who is doing the action / like something. Ejemplo:

______    ____________   me gusta =   A mí me gusta.

  1. ______    _____________ les gusta
  2. ______    _____________ me gusta
  3. ______    _____________ nos gusta
  4. ______    _____________ le gusta
  5. ______    _____________te gusta
  6. ______    _____________ le gusta (formal you)
  7. ______    _____________les gusta (you all)

III. Completa the sentence correctly.

  1.  _____ Patricia  _____    ____________ bailar
  2. ______   mí ______    _____________   __________ animales
  3. A Pedro y a Carlos ______    _____________  cocinar
  4. ______    tí y ________ mí  ______    _____________ los amigos
  5. ______    ellos ______    _____________ la película (the film, the movie)
  6. A  ______  ______    _____________ caminar (to walk)
  7. ______ ______ ______ ______  ______  café
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How To Memorize Vocabulary?

The best way to memorize new vocabulary and to increase it, is not only to repeat, but to connect, associate and repeat aloud.  Flash cards are a great way to drill words. It combines visualization, repetition and association with the image shown.  Great for group activities. However, if you has to study by yourself or in a small group, there is a different way to study vocabulary and it has proven to be successful when learning a second language. Here is how it works.

STEPS TO MEMORIZE VOCABULARY.

  1. Read all the words of the vocabulary.
  2. Go back a read it again but this time visualize, imagine the word.
  3. Go back and connect the words.
  4. Go back and create a story using words from previous vocabulary or add your own with the help of a dictionary.
  5. Go back a read your story aloud.Vocabulary Chart

Example

  1. Read all the words once.

Libro, lápiz, me gusta, manzana, fresas, contigo, ayer, hoy, la tarde, perro

  1. Read them again visualizing them.

Libro:               Imagine the book, you reading it, big, old, great, blue, on the table..

Lápiz:              Imagine a pencil, writing with the pencil, cute pencil, broken pencil, yellow…

Me gusta:        Me gusta comer, bailar, correr… see yourself doing it

Manzana:        Picture yourself buying it, cutting it, eating it, holding it.

Fresas:            Make a juice, eat it with chocolate, enjoying it.

Contigo:           see your friend with you, a dog with you,

Hoy:                 Think of what you would do today.

La tarde:          Imagine what would you do in the afternoon.

Perro:              See a big dog, a puppy, a sleeping dog, a playing dog or a dog peeing your door.

  1. Connect the words

√   El libro y el lápiz.

√  Me gustan las manzanas, las fresas, el libro y el lápiz.

√  En el parque contigo y mi perro

  1. Create a story and see it, imagine it.

“Me gusta el parque. Hoy por la  tarde, voy contigo y el perro. Leo un libro y escribo. También como manzanas y fresas.”

  1. Read it aloud so you can hear yourself.

That is a vocabulary that you will learn by heart for life. Try it. You can do it. ☺