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Ejercicio – Ser o Estar?

Selecciona el verbo correcto. No olvides conjugar el verbo donde corresponda.

  1. Querido Pedro

____________________ de vacaciones en una ciudad que __________________ muy hermosa. Hay montañas y un volcán que __________________ muy altos. La gente ________________ muy simpática y hablan muy rápido el español, pero yo ___________________ feliz. También hay una playa que _______________  muy bonita. Nosotros vamos en autobús porque la playa ________________ un poco distante.

Bueno, ya _________________ las 2:30 de la tarde y necesito ir a una farmacia que _______________ muy cerca. Después te envio fotografías a tu correo electrónico.

Saludos a Juanita.

Un abrazo,

Diana

 

  1. Alejandro _________________ argentino, pero __________________ en Estados Unidos. El _______________ arquitecto, pero ahora ___________________ enfermo con gripe. Su trabajo __________________ muy interesante. El tiene muchos amigos porque _____________ muy simpático y tiene suerte con las chicas porque __________________ muy guapo.   Toda su familia ________________ de Argentina. Su madre todavía (still) ______________ muy triste porque Alejandro vive solo en la Florida, aunque (even though) su familia ______________ muy grande. El próximo mes su madre viene a la Florida y por eso (for that reason) él ______________ muy contento.
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El Verbo “Gustar”

Recuerda:

You must use any of the following: ME – TE – LE – NOS – LES 

AME gusta cantAR

AME gusta la clase

AME gustaN laS claseS

AME gustaN loS libroS

Práctica:

I. Complete the sentence with the correct use of Gustar:

Ejemplo: A Petra y a Rosa  ____   ________________   las flores

A Petra y a Rosa  les  gustan   las flores

  1. A María ______    _____________  los niños (children)
  2. A tí ______    _____________   el mall
  3. A los perros ______    _____________  jugar (to play)
  4. A nosotros ______    _____________   español
  5. A ellos ______    _____________  las papas fritas

II. Complete with the correct form (a mi, a tí a él, a ella, a Ud, a nosotros a ellos, a ellas, a Uds.) to clarify who is doing the action / like something. Ejemplo:

______    ____________   me gusta =   A mí me gusta.

  1. ______    _____________ les gusta
  2. ______    _____________ me gusta
  3. ______    _____________ nos gusta
  4. ______    _____________ le gusta
  5. ______    _____________te gusta
  6. ______    _____________ le gusta (formal you)
  7. ______    _____________les gusta (you all)

III. Completa the sentence correctly.

  1.  _____ Patricia  _____    ____________ bailar
  2. ______   mí ______    _____________   __________ animales
  3. A Pedro y a Carlos ______    _____________  cocinar
  4. ______    tí y ________ mí  ______    _____________ los amigos
  5. ______    ellos ______    _____________ la película (the film, the movie)
  6. A  ______  ______    _____________ caminar (to walk)
  7. ______ ______ ______ ______  ______  café
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Practiquemos El Verbo “SER”

Preséntate usando “Ser”. Sigue el ejemplo. (Introduce yourself using “Ser”. Follow the example. For now, don’t worry about repeating the verb many times.We are practicing and repetition helps with memorization.)

Recuerda:

Yo soy, tú eres, él es, ella es, Ud. es,

nosotros (as) somos, ellos (as) son, Uds. son

  1.  Hola, soy Diana. Soy tu profesora de español y soy de Colombia. Soy morena, un poco alta y  también soy amigable. Mi perro es Lucas. Lucas es negro y es muy bonito.

 

 

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En El Restaurante – Vocabulario

Learning Spanish the real way. This is a very practical vocabulary so next time you go to a Hispanic restaurant, try it!

Vocabulario Activo:

Personal:

Anfitrión (a)      =         host / hostess

Cliente (m.f)       =        customer

Cocinero (a)        =       cook

Gerente (m.f.)     =       manager

Mesero (a)          =       waiter (1)

Camarero (a)     =       waiter (1)

(1) the word is rarely use. Most people call them by their name.

Objetos:

Botellla               =        bottle

Cubiertos (m)     =        silverware

Cuchara              =         spoon

Cuchillo (m)      =         knife

Mantel (m)        =          tablecloth

Mesa                   =        table

Menú (m)           =        menu

Palillo (m)          =        toothpick

Plato (m)             =        plate

Servilleta           =         napkin

Silla                    =        chair

Tenedor (m)      =          fork

Vaso    (m)          =        glass

Vela                    =        candle

Servicio:

Barato                =         cheap

Bebidas              =         beverages / drinks

Bufé    (m)          =        buffet

Caro                    =        Expensive

Entremés (m)     =         appetizer

Especialidad        =       specialty

Plato    (m)            =      dish

Plato fuerte (m)    =      main dish

Poner la mesa       =      to set the table

Quitar la mesa      =      to clear the table

Reclamación         =      complaint

Servicio (m)           =     service

Expresiones:

Desean algo para tomar?  = Do you want something to drink?

Puedo traerles unos entremeses?  = May I bring you some appetizer?

Cuál es la especialidad de la casa? =  What’s the specialty of the house?

Tarjeta de crédito o débito     =  Credit or debit card

La cuenta, por favor.               =         The check, please.

Cobrar más de la cuenta         =          to overcharge

Comida de segundo plato       =          second fidle / cast-off

Cuánto dejamos de propina? =          How much do we tip?

To be polite, we use expression such as: gustaría, desearía, apetece

Le gustaría + infinitive or a noun.  (would you like…) Example:

Le gustaría un vino? Le gustaría acompañar… con un vino?

(would you like some wine? would you like to accompany… with some wine?

Sí, me gustaría… =  I would like

Sí, por favor. = Yes, please

Sí, un vino rojo. = Yes, red wine.

Sí, qué clase de vino tiene? Yes, what’s available?

Sí, tiene vino blanco?  = Yes, do you have white wine?

Sí, Tiene Chardonnay? = Do you have Chardonnay?

No. Gracias. = No, thank you.

Desearía + infinite or a noun:  (Do you want …) Example:

Desearía un vino? Desearía acompañar … con un vino?

Sí, desearía…  = yes, I want…

Do you want some wine?  Do you want to accompany … with some wine?

Le apetece un vino? Do you feel like a wine?

Sí, me apetece… = yes, I feel like…

Apetecer is mostly used to express what we feel like eating. However, it’s not wrong to say would you like or do you want.

Other ways to order:

Yo prefiero = I prefer

Yo quiero = I want

yo deseo = I want / I desire

traigame =  bring me

Y nunca olvide decir “por favor y gracias.”

(don’t forget to say please and thank you)

Recuerda, “lo cortés no quita lo valiente.”

(It’s an expression that translates “You don’t lose anything by being polite/ it doesn’t hurt to be polite.”)

Buen apetito!

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Expresiones Para Conversar

These are very useful expression to have handy while learning Spanish

Confiesa que…                                                           El / ella / ud. confesses that

Cuenta que…                                                              El/ ella / ud. says that

Piensa que…                                                               El / ella / ud. thinks that

Afirma que…                                                              El / ella / ud. afirms that

Cree que…                                                                  El / ella / ud. believes that

Explica que…                                                             El / ella / ud. explains that

Le parece que…                                                         El / ella / ud. thinks that

Contesta / responde que.                                           El / ella / ud. answers that

Al principio                                                                at first

Primero                                                                       first

Luego                                                                          then; next, later

Enseguida                                                                   immediately

Antes                                                                           before

Antes de eso                                                               before that

Después/más tarde                                                      afterward; later

Después de eso                                                           after that

Por último                                                                   finally (last in a series)

Por fin/finalmente                                                      finally!

Al final                                                                       in the end

Así que / entonces                                                      so…  (logical result)

Por eso                                                                        that’s why

Por consiguiente/ por lo tanto                                    therefore

Sin embargo                                                                however

A pesar de (eso)                                                          despite, in spite of (that) / Nevertheless

A pesar de (que) / aunque                                          even though

Aún así / con todo y eso                                             still, and yet…

Al igual que                                                                just like, as

De la misma manera/forma/modo                              in the same way

Como consecuencia/resultado                                    as a result

Una razón por la cual                                                 one reason why

Ya que, puesto que, como                                          since

Conducir a, llevar a                                                    to lead to

Parecerse a                                                                  to resemble

Ser similar / parecido/ semejante a                            to be similar to

A diferencia de                                                           unlike

Diferenciarse de                                                         differ from

En cambio                                                                   instead

En contraste con                                                         in contrast to / with

Por un lado…                                                             on one hand…

Por otro lado/ por el otro…                                        on the other hand

 

 

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So You Think English is Easy?

Many people think that English is easier than Spanish because of the verbs conjugation. Well… it’s not always the case. Please read to the end. It’s true and funny.

1) The bandage was wound around the wound. 

2) The farm was used to produce produce .

3) The dump was so full that it had to refuse more refuse.

4) We must polish the Polish furniture.

5) He could lead if he would get the lead out.

6) The soldier decided to desert his dessert in the desert.

7) Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present 

8) A bass was painted on the head of the bass drum.

9) When shot at, the dove dove into the bushes.

10) I did not object to the object. 

11) The insurance was invalid for the invalid. 

12) There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row .

13) They were too close to the door to close it.

14) The buck does funny things when the does are present.

15) A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer line.

16) To help with planting, the farmer taught his sow to sow.

17) The wind was too strong to wind the sail.

18) Upon seeing the tear in the painting I shed a tear.

19) I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.

20) How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?

Let’s face it – English is a crazy language. There is no egg in eggplant, nor ham in hamburger; neither apple nor pine in pineapple. English muffins weren’t invented in England or French fries inFrance . Sweetmeats are candies while sweetbreads, which aren’t sweet, are meat. We take English for granted. But if we explore its paradoxes, we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.

And why is it that writers write but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce and hammers don’t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, why isn’t the plural of booth, beeth? One goose, 2 geese. So one moose, 2 meese? One index, 2 indices? Doesn’t it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one amend? If you have a bunch of odds and ends and get rid of all but one of them, what do you call it?

If teachers taught, why didn’t preachers praught? If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat? Sometimes I think all the English speakers should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane. In what language do people recite at a play and play at a recital? Ship by truck and send cargo by ship? Have noses that run and feet that smell?

How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language in which your house can burn up as it burns down, in which you fill in a form by filling it out and in which, an alarm goes off by going on.

English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects the creativity of the human race, which, of course, is not a race at all. That is why, when the stars are out, they are visible, but when the lights are out, they are invisible.

PS. – Why doesn’t ‘Buick’ rhyme with ‘quick’ ?

You lovers of the English language might enjoy this .

There is a two-letter word that perhaps has more meanings than any other two-letter word, and that is ‘UP.’ 

It’s easy to understand UP, meaning toward the sky or at the top of the list, but when we awaken in the morning, why do we wake UP ? At a meeting, why does a topic come UP ? Why do we speakUP and why are the officers UP for election and why is it UP to the secretary to write UP a report ?

We call UP our friends. And we use it to brighten UP a room, polish UP the silver; we warm UP the leftovers and clean UP the kitchen. We lock UP the house and some guys fix UP the old car. At other times the little word has real special meaning. People stir UP trouble, line UP for tickets, workUP an appetite, and think UP excuses. To be dressed is one thing, but to be dressed UP is special.

And this UP is confusing: A drain must be opened UP because it is stopped UP.   We open UP a store in the morning but we close it UP at night.

We seem to be pretty mixed UP about UP ! To be knowledgeable about the proper uses of UP, look the word UP in the dictionary. In a desk-sized dictionary, it takes UP almost 1/4th of the page and can add UP to about thirty definitions. If you are UP to it, you might try building UP a list of the many ways UP is used. It will take UP a lot of your time, but if you don’t give UP, you may wind UPwith a hundred or more. When it threatens to rain, we say it is clouding UP . When the sun comes out we say it is clearing UP

When it rains, it wets the earth and often messes things UP.

When it doesn’t rain for awhile, things dry UP.

Now, do you think you can learn Spanish?

Note: A Spanish language student shared this article years ago in class. Not sure where he got it from but it made them think twice.

 

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El Alfabeto, Las Vocales, Sílabas y Más

The fact that we pronounce the same way as we write, makes the Spanish pronunciation easy and “rolling the r” fun stuff. Just do it like in ♪ “row row row your boat” ♫, that’s it! No worries, it’s not a big deal. It’s OK and it will come naturally with time. Same if you don’t say “yo” but “io” that’s OK as well. Remember, accent changes from town to town, city to city, country to country. The good news is, we will understand you and we are in this class to talk naturally. No perfection on earth is required. With that said, let’s listen and repeat how we pronounce. Relax, follow phonetics, and observe how we divide syllabus.  Repeat and do it the best you can. You can also  print the PDF

A – B – C – CH – D – E – F – G – H – I – J – K – L – LL – M – N – Ñ – O – P – Q – R – S – T – U – V – W – X – Y – Z.

VOCALES

A – E – I – O – U

SILABAS

BA – BE – BI – BO – BU

CHA – CHE – CHI – CHO – CHU

DA – DE – DI – DO – DU

FA – FE – FI – FO – FU

HA – HE – HI – HO – HU

LA – LE – LI – LO – LU

LLA – LLE – LLI – LLO – LLU

MA – ME – MI – MO – MU

NA – NE – NI – NO – NU

ÑA – ÑE – ÑI – ÑO – ÑU

PA – PE – PI – PO – PU

RA – RE – RI – RO – RU

SA – SE – SI – SO – SU

TA – TE – TI – TO – TU

VA – VE – VI – VO – VU –

WA – WE – WI – WO – WU

XA – XE – XI – XO – XU

YA – YE – YI – YO – YU

ZA – ZE – ZI – ZO – ZU

These Spanish syllables don’t follow the rule. Listen to the sound.

CA – KA       QUE –  KE       QUI –  KI       CO – KO       CU 

JA       JE – GE       JI – GI       JO       JU 

GA       GUE      GUI       GO      GU 

Pronunciación

Babel

Cha, cha, cha.

Chico

Dado

Faro

Hola

Lago

Llave

Mano

Nano

Ñato

Padre

Rata

Sapo

Tito

Vaca

Washington

Xenofobia

Yale

Zapato

 Pronuncia más:

Jirafa

Gigante

Jengibre

Gerente

Gallo

Guerra

Guineo

Guzmán

Gota

Guapo

Joven

Juego

Casa

Queso

Kilo

Química

Coco

Cucu

Download PDF

ALFABETO