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DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN THE EASY WAY.

There are two ways to say the same thing both in the affirmative and negative, but there are rules on how and where to place the Direct Objects. LO, LOS, LA, LAS, ME, TE, NOS. I will explain them in an easy way with some examples and color coded.

  1. VAS A COMPRAR la crema bronceadora? (are you going to buy the sun screen protection?)

Sí, LA voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy it)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLA. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LA voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLA. (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS a COMPRAR el chocolate? (are you going to buy the chocolate?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLO. (yes, I’m going to buy it)

No, no LO voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy it)

No, no voy a COMPRARLO (no, I’m not going to buy it)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR las cremas bronceadoras? (are you going to buy the sun screens protection?)

Sí, LAS voy a comprar (yes, I’m going to buy them)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLAS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LAS voy A COMPRAR. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy A COMPRARLAS. (No, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. VAS A COMPRAR los chocolates? (did you buy the chocolates?)

Sí,  voy a COMPRARLOS. (yes, I’m going to buy them)

No, no LOS voy a COMPRAR (no, I’m not going to buy them)

No, no voy a COMPRARLOS (no, I’m not going to buy them)

 

  1. Me VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call ME tomorrow?)

            Sí, TE voy a llamar (yes, I’m going to call you)

            Sí, voy a LLAMARTE (yes, I’m going to call you)

            No, no TE voy a llamar (No, I’m not going to call you.)

No, no voy a LLAMARTE. (No, I’m not going to call you.)

 

  1. NOS VAS A LLAMAR mañana? (are you going to call US tomorrow?)

            Sí,  LAS voy a llamar mañana. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

Sí, voy a LLAMARLAS. (yes, I’m going to call you. (plural female)

            No, no LAS voy a llamar. (NO,  I’m not going to call  you (plural female)

No, no voy a LLAMARLAS . (NO, I’m not going to call you (plural female)

 

Notice that the Direct Object LO, LA, LAS, LOS, ME, TE, NOS,  is always placed before the verbs as different words ( tevoy allamar) or  attach to the infinitive (VOY A LLAMARTE) (infinitive verbs ends in AR-ER-IR). In the example the verbs are COMPRAR and LLAMAR

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Tú? Tu? Te? Ti? Learn the difference.

tú (with accent mark)

This is a subject pronoun and refers to the subject of the sentence. It corresponds to the English “you” (second person, singular fam). In most cases, the subject pronoun is optional in Spanish and usually not used.

() eres muy inteligente – You are very intelligent.

tu (without accent mark)

This is a possessive adjective and is used to demonstrate possession, ownership or relationship of a noun. It corresponds to the English possessive adjective, “your.”

te

This is an indirect object pronoun (in the case of your example above, but also shares the same form as direct object pronoun) and is used to name the object of a sentence. In this case:

Te gusta jugar baloncesto – Basketball is pleasing to you (you like basketball).

ti

This is what is called a disjunctional or prepositional pronoun. That is to say that it is the pronominal form that you will find following a preposition. In your example above, “a ti” is a restatement of the indirect object pronoun, and it is added in order give emphasis or clarity to the statement.

Difference-between-te-tu-ti-

 

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How to answer a question while learning Spanish? See example.

When you are learning Spanish or any other language, it is important to answer with long statements. Always  remember to use the verb in the answer, until conjugations become a second nature to you. So how would you answer the following question?

Cuánto cobran en el hotel por un cuarto para dos personas?

  1. En el hotel cobran cien dólares por noche. √
  2. Cobran cien dólares por noche. √
  3. Cien dólares por noche. √ but long answer better for now.

 

Adónde van María y Pedro de vacaciones?

  1. María y Pedro van a Cancún de vacaciones.√
  2. Ellos van a Cancún de vacaciones. √
  3. Van a Cancún de vacaciones. √
  4. A Cancún. √ but long answer is better for now.

Continue reading How to answer a question while learning Spanish? See example.

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I’m Stuck With My Spanish. Please, Help!

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I will make an effort to answer most requests right here, so be specific and ask your questions.

Don’t forget to subscribe to receive your answer.

 

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Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple

When learning conjugations it’s easy to fall in the trap of thinking too much and complicating the answer. Until you master conjugations, keep it simple. Remember, usually the question tells you the conjugation and the pronoun. Do not change it. You will make a great progress if you just remember that when the question is addressed to “YOU“; then you answer in the “I” form.  Example: Do you study Spanish? Yes,  I do.  Same for the plural. Do “YOU ALL” study Spanish? Yes WE do. Other than that, you should keep the same conjugation and pronoun as you would in English. Also, we are going to write pronouns until conjugations become a second nature to you. Let’s see how this work in Spanish.

Infinitivo:  Hablar = to speak

Practice: hablar / español =  speak / Spanish.

Conjugación: 

Yo hablo = I speak

hablas – you speak (informal you) Continue reading Learning Conjugations? Keep It Simple

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El Verbo “Gustar”

Recuerda:

You must use any of the following: ME – TE – LE – NOS – LES 

AME gusta cantAR

AME gusta la clase

AME gustaN laS claseS

AME gustaN loS libroS

Práctica:

I. Complete the sentence with the correct use of Gustar:

Ejemplo: A Petra y a Rosa  ____   ________________   las flores

A Petra y a Rosa  les  gustan   las flores

  1. A María ______    _____________  los niños (children)
  2. A tí ______    _____________   el mall
  3. A los perros ______    _____________  jugar (to play)
  4. A nosotros ______    _____________   español
  5. A ellos ______    _____________  las papas fritas

II. Complete with the correct form (a mi, a tí a él, a ella, a Ud, a nosotros a ellos, a ellas, a Uds.) to clarify who is doing the action / like something. Ejemplo:

______    ____________   me gusta =   A mí me gusta.

  1. ______    _____________ les gusta
  2. ______    _____________ me gusta
  3. ______    _____________ nos gusta
  4. ______    _____________ le gusta
  5. ______    _____________te gusta
  6. ______    _____________ le gusta (formal you)
  7. ______    _____________les gusta (you all)

III. Completa the sentence correctly.

  1.  _____ Patricia  _____    ____________ bailar
  2. ______   mí ______    _____________   __________ animales
  3. A Pedro y a Carlos ______    _____________  cocinar
  4. ______    tí y ________ mí  ______    _____________ los amigos
  5. ______    ellos ______    _____________ la película (the film, the movie)
  6. A  ______  ______    _____________ caminar (to walk)
  7. ______ ______ ______ ______  ______  café
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Practiquemos El Verbo “SER”

Preséntate usando “Ser”. Sigue el ejemplo. (Introduce yourself using “Ser”. Follow the example. For now, don’t worry about repeating the verb many times.We are practicing and repetition helps with memorization.)

Recuerda:

Yo soy, tú eres, él es, ella es, Ud. es,

nosotros (as) somos, ellos (as) son, Uds. son

  1.  Hola, soy Diana. Soy tu profesora de español y soy de Colombia. Soy morena, un poco alta y  también soy amigable. Mi perro es Lucas. Lucas es negro y es muy bonito.